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Journal of Engineering Research and Application (JERA) is a multidisciplinary, an open-access, internationally  peer - reviewed journal concerned with all aspects of civil engineering. 

Journal of Engineering Research and Application (JERA)

The publication of a paper by JERA Publisher is a crucial step in the process of safeguarding scientific knowledge. Our publishing house participates in the act of preventing publication malpractice in order to uphold ethical standards. Therefore, it's critical to establish expectations for ethical behavior among all parties involved in publication, including authors, reviewers, publishers, and editors (https://ethics.praiseworthyprize.org/docs/ethics/COPE_editors_code_of_conduct.pdf).

Our standards acknowledge and adhere to The Committee on Publication Ethics' Codes of Ethics and best practice recommendations (COPE)( https://publicationethics.org/).

The JERA publisher commits to the following standards for a gratifying and morally correct publication.

All the parties listed below, who are participating in the act of publishing, have committed to strictly abide by these guidelines. In the event that these rules are not followed, COPE will follow the procedures specified in its flowcharts to determine whether "misconduct" has occurred.


Publishing Responsibilities of Authors

The publication of a paper in a peer-reviewed journal is necessary for the development of an extensive and reliable knowledge network. It is a blatant sign of the calibre of the author's and the organisations backing them. Peer-reviewed literature supports and exemplifies the scientific method. Therefore, it is essential to reach agreement on the standards of moral behaviour.

Authorship Criteria

Only major contributions to each of the four components should be given authorship credit.
included here are

1. Concept and design of the study, data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation

2. Creating the article or critically reviewing it for key intellectual content 3. final approval of the published version
4. agreement to take responsibility for every part of the research, making sure that questions relating to the Any issues with the study's accuracy or integrity are properly investigated and addressed.
Authorship cannot be justified by participation in data gathering or funding acquisition alone. General To qualify as an author, the study group must be under your leadership. Each participant should have Enough people took part in the study for them to publicly accept responsibility for relevant content.
of the written work. The proportionate contribution of each contributor must determine the sequence in which they are named. the person who helped with the research and writing of the manuscript. Once placed, the order cannot be changed. without the contributors' explicit approval, changes cannot be made.

Contribution Details

A description of each contributor's contributions to the paper should be given by the contributors. Concept, design, intellectual content definition, literature search, clinical investigations, experimental research, data collection, data analysis, statistical analysis, article preparation, manuscript editing, and manuscript review should all be included in the description, as appropriate. The article would be printed with the authors' contributions. The integrity of the study as a whole, from its conception to the published article, should be guaranteed by one or more authors, who should be identified as the "guarantor." The project's funding source should also be made known by the writers.

Conducting research
Reporting standards

Authors of papers on original research should include a truthful description of the investigations that were conducted as well as an unbiased analysis of their importance. The article should appropriately reflect the underlying statistics. An article should have enough information and citations to allow others to duplicate the study. False or deliberately inaccurate statements were unacceptable and constituted unethical behavior. Editorial "opinion" studies should be clearly labelled as such in review and professional publication articles, which should also be accurate and objective.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

The author must explicitly state in the publication any exceptional hazards associated with any chemicals, methods, or equipment used in the study. The author must make sure that the manuscript contains a statement stating that "all procedures have been performed in compliance with the relevant laws and institutional guidelines" and that "the appropriate Institutional Committee(s) has approved of them" if the study falls under the original research category and uses human subjects, animals, or human specimens as a significant component of the study. For any technique or investigation involving human specimens (such as a tooth part, soft tissue biopsy, etc.), authors who are submitting their work to the clinical science and techniques/case report category must include a statement in the manuscript stating that "informed consent has been obtained for experimentation with human subjects." Human subjects' private rights must always be respected.

Use of patient images or case details

Informed permission and ethics committee approval are required for studies involving participants or patients.
which the article needs to document.
Where an author chooses to, the necessary consents, licences, and releases must be secured.
incorporate case specifics, other sensitive data, or pictures of patients or other people in a publication by JERA The author must save a copy of all written consents, as well as Upon JERA's request, proof that these consents have been secured must be given. when it comes to children (in particular where a child has special needs or learning disabilities)
Consent must be obtained with extreme caution. Additionally, extra care must be exercised when an where a person's head or face is depicted or where a person's name or other personal information is details.

Writing an Article
No Prior Publication or Duplicate Submissions.

Only manuscripts that have not already been published in the same or substantially similar form and are not currently under consideration by other journals will be considered for publication. In their cover letters, the submitting authors must confirm that they have complied with this criterion. Following the rules outlined by the JERA Journal Editors and the Committee on Publication Ethics, the Editor shall address the issue with the affected author(s) and the editor of the other journal if a prior or duplicate publication is found.

Originality and plagiarism

The authors must make sure that their studies are fully unique, and if they do use other people's research or words, they must properly cite or quote them.
Plagiarism can take many different forms, such as "passing off" another author's work as one's own, copying or paraphrasing large sections of another author's work without giving credit, or claiming the findings of research that was actually undertaken by someone else. Plagiarism is forbidden in all forms and constitutes unethical publication behavior.

Data access and retention

For an editorial review, authors may be required to supply the raw data related to an article. In accordance with the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) - Scientific, Technical, and Medical (STM) Statement on Data and Databases, they must be ready to make such data accessible to the general public. (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (alpsp.org) (https://www.alpsp.org/ )) must be prepared to keep such data after publishing for a reasonable period of time, if possible, and in any case.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication In general, an author shouldn't submit articles that effectively describe the same research to more than one journal or primary publication. It is unacceptable to simultaneously submit the same paper to multiple journals, which is considered unethical publishing practise.
In general, an author shouldn't submit a previously published manuscript for consideration in another journal. If certain requirements are met, it may be justified to publish some articles in more than one publication. The secondary publishing, which must represent the same information and interpretation of the source document, requires the approval of the authors and editors of the relevant journals. The secondary publication must include a citation to the initial reference.

Acknowledgment of sources

Acknowledgment of sources

Always give due credit to other people's research. Authors must reference works that have a significant impact on how the reported study is structured. Privately obtained information, such as It must not be utilized or reported without permission in communication, conversation, or discussions with third parties. express, written consent from the source is required. Data gathered when providing confidential services, Applications for grants or articles for refereeing shall not be used without express written consent.
permission of the study's author who uses those services. Disclosure and conflicts of interest When an author or the author's institution has a financial or other relationship with another person or group that could improperly influence the author's study, a conflict of interest may occur. The safest course of action is to fully disclose the conflict to the journal, whether it be genuine or anticipated. Disclosure of all relationships that might be seen as creating a conflict of interest is required for all submissions. If the journal believes that the disclosures are crucial for readers in evaluating the submission, it may publish them and utilise them as the basis for editorial judgments. The journal may decide not to publish as a result of the declared conflict. All authors must disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest, including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other people or organisations within three years of starting the study, which could improperly influence (bias) their study, at the end of the text, under the heading "Disclosure Statement."
Employment, consulting agreements, stock ownership, honoraria, expert witness fees, patent applications and registrations, grants, and other financial support are a few examples of potential conflicts of interest that need to be reported. At the earliest opportunity, such conflicts of interest should be revealed.
Disclosure of all funding sources for the project is required. This statement should be made in a separate section of the text, right before the References, with the heading "Role of the funding source."
The study sponsor(s), if any, must be identified in the authors' descriptions of the study's design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, report authoring, and decision to submit the article for publication.
Fundamental errors in the published studies When an author learns that a published paper contains a serious error or inaccuracy, it is the It is the author's duty to collaborate with the editor and promptly tell the journal editor or publisher to withdraw or update the article. In the event that an editor or publisher discovers from a third party that a If the study has a substantial error, the author must immediately retract or correct the article or give the editor proof that the original article was accurate.


Authorship of the article Authorship must be restricted to those who contributed significantly to conception, the planning, carrying out, or analysis of the study that was reported. someone who has achieved significant Co-authors must be listed on contributions. where those who took part in a certain activity They must be credited or labelled as contributors if they contributed significant parts of the research effort.
The corresponding author is responsible for making sure that the article has all appropriate co-authors and no unsuitable ones. They should also make sure that all co-authors have viewed the final version of the article, approved it, and agreed to its submission for publication.

Changes to authorship

This policy addresses the addition, deletion, or reorganisation of author names in accepted manuscripts' authorship. Be aware that different policies may apply to The Lancet, Cell, and publications published by Elsevier on behalf of learned societies.
Prior to the accepted document being posted online:
The corresponding author of the accepted manuscript must submit requests to the Journal Manager with the following information to add, remove, or rearrange the authors:
1. The justification for changing the order of the authors' names or adding or removing names
2. Confirmation in writing (email, fax, letter) from all authors that the addition, removal, or rearranging is acceptable. This involves authorization from the author who is being added to or removed from the list of authors.
The Journal Manager will transmit requests that are not sent by the relevant author to the author, who must then follow the steps outlined above.
Note that:
• Journal Managers will communicate any such demands to the Journal Editors.
• Once authorship has been decided upon, publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is postponed.
• Following the publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue: Any requests to change the order of author names in an article that was published in an online edition will adhere to the aforementioned standards and could result in a corrigendum.